Demeter Chiparus

My fino bronce y marfil representando una figura romantica realizada y firmada por el celebre Demeter Chiparus.

Dimensión: alto 10 IN 26 CM
Material: Bronce - Marfil
País: Francia
CIRCA 1895

Demétre H. Chiparus was born in Romania, the son of Haralamb and Serviette. In 1909 he went to Italy, he attended the classes of Italian sculptor Raffaello Romanelli. In 1912 he traveled to Paris to attend the Ecole des Beaux Arts to pursue his art at the classes of Antonin Mercie and Jean Boucher. Demétre Chiparus died in 1947 and was buried in Bagneux Cemetery, just south of Paris.

The first sculptures of Chiparus were created in the realistic style and were exhibited at the Salon of 1914. He employed the combination of bronze and ivory, called chryselephantine, to great effect. Most of his renowned works were made between 1914 and 1933. The first series of sculptures manufactured by Chiparus were the series of the children.

The mature style of Chiparus took shape beginning in the 1920s. His sculptures are remarkable for their bright and outstanding decorative effect. Dancers of the Russian Ballet, French theatre, and early motion pictures were among his more notable subjects and were typified by a long, slender, stylized appearance. His work was influenced by an interest in Egypt, after PharaohTutankhamen's tomb was excavated.

The Art Déco period sculptor -Demétre Chiparus- created one of the most iconic bronzes in 1928 called "Danseuse au cerceau" or "Ring Dancer" inspired in the famous and prodigious dancer Zoula de Boncza of the Parisian "Folies Bergere", a first dancer of The Belgrado Royal Opera and a Mime dancer of "l'Opéra-Comique" in Paris. Later in life Zoula de Boncza, descendant of Polish nobility and one of Loie Fuller best students, created a book published in 1961: the dance method "La Danse classique san barre" the book was published with texts from Eugène de Rijac and Illustrations by Alexandre Berlant and Yvonne Breton.

He worked primarily with the Edmond Etling and Cie Foundry in Paris administrated by Julien Dreyfus. Les Neveux de J. Lehmann was the second foundry who constantly worked with Chiparus and produced the sculptures of his models.

Chiparus rarely exhibited at the Salon. In 1923 he ed his “Javelin Thrower” and in 1928 exhibited his “Ta-Keo” dancer, which was edited by the manufacture Friedrich Goldscheider. During the period of Nazi persecution and the World War 2 the foundries discontinued production of work by Chiparus. The economic situation of that time was not favorable to the development of decorative arts and circumstances for many sculptors worsened.

Since the early 1940s almost no works of Chiparus were sold but he continued sculpting for his own pleasure, depicting animals in the Art Deco style. At the 1942 Paris Salon, the plaster sculptures “Polar Bear” and “American Bison” were exhibited and in 1943 he ed a marble “Polar Bear” and plaster “Pelican”.

Collector interest in the work of Chiparus appeared in the 1970s and has flourished since the 1990s.

A major collection of Chiparus' work is on display in the permanent collection of Casa Lis, the art nouveau and art deco museum in Salamanca, Espana.

  • Código: R1345

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